YAG Capsulotomy
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 1-YAG capsulotomy:

What is a YAG Laser Capsulotomy?

The natural lens of the eye is situated in an elastic-like capsular bag that holds it in place. When performing cataract surgery, the surgeon carefully opens the front portion of the capsule in order to remove the lens. After completely removing the natural lens, the intraocular lens is positioned inside the capsular bag. The capsule holds the intraocular lens and serves as a protective barrier for the back of the eye.

Following cataract surgery, the capsule may produce cloudy cells that typically cause blurred, hazy vision. Some patients may also experience glare problems when driving at night. This common condition, known as posterior capsular haze, occurs in as many as 40% of patients who undergo cataract surgery. Posterior capsular haze may occur months or years postoperatively.


 How is a YAG Laser Capsulotomy performed?

Posterior capsular haze can be simply treated using a YAG laser. Dilating drops are instilled and the laser is used to create an opening in the center of the cloudy capsule. Most patients notice an instant improvement in their vision, while others experience a gradual improvement over several days. YAG capsulotomy is an out-patient procedure and takes just minutes to perform.
After the procedure is complete, your vital signs and intraocular pressure will be assessed and you will be free to return to normal activity for the rest of the day


2-YAG Laser iridotomy:

What is a Laser Iridotomy?

Closed-angle glaucoma is one of many types of glaucoma. Often it can be cured through a procedure called an iridotomy. In laser iridotomy, a small hole is placed in the iris (the colored portion of the eye). In most patients, the iridotomy is placed in the upper portion of the iris and cannot be seen under the upper eyelid.




 What to expect after an iridotomy?

After treatment, your doctor may ask you to stay for a few hours to check your eye pressure and insure that it has not increased.
When it is safe, you will be sent home and may be asked to use eye drops. Your ophthalmologist will explain their use and when you need to be examined again.
In general, there are no restrictions in activity following the laser treatment. You can return to your normal daily activities immediately. It is advisable to have someone drive you home from your doctor’s office. You can expect some redness of the eye, a sensitivity to light, and a scratchy sensation. All of these might last for a period of days. You also might expect a small headache later that day or night.
Do not worry about the size of the hole in your iris. Neither you nor your friends will notice it. It is usually placed in a portion of the iris which is covered by your upper eyelid. The size of the iridotomy is only that of a pin head.
Remember that the creation of a laser iridotomy is both safe and effective. There are a few risks. The purpose of an iridotomy is to preserve your vision, not to improve it.